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Category Archives: WWII

Articles from March 1942

Oh joy, the new scanner has arrived. Unfortunately I am still learning it’s secrets, but at least its a start. I can finally start sharing some images from 1940’s magazines loaned to me by a wonderful reader. First this Magazine from March 1942 –

cover womans day magazine march 1942

What a sweet cover I can’t seem to find detail of it in the magazine, but she looks as if she has just had some bad news….

One of my favourite ads in this magazine is this one of Olviia de Havilland – love that hairstyle!

olivia de haviland cola ad 1940s 1942

I’ll share more ads on the tumblr blog and try and scan a few interesting articles for next time.

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Churchill’s Girls – From Dashing to Tragic

Churchill’s Girls – From Dashing to Tragic

I am in between scanners at present, so here is one Post I prepared earlier…

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was the Prime Minister of the UK for most of WWII, from 1940 to 1945 (and again from 1951 to 1955). He is often stated as being one of the greatest wartime leaders of the 20th century,  and his radio broadcasts help inspire the British people during the war.  His children also did their bit to help the war effort.

Churchill’s only son, Randolph, served with the 4th Queen’s Own Hussars and the SAS),  Eldest daughter Diana gained the rank of officer between 1939 and 1945 in the Women’s Royal Naval Service, middle daughter Sarah, between acting jobs, joined the WAAF and went on to interpret aerial photographs for British invasions.

Winston Churchill is accompanied by his daughter Sarah, Cairo, December 1943

 
Youngest daughter Mary worked for the Red Cross and the Women’s Voluntary Service from 1939 to 1941, and served with the Auxiliary Territorial Service in London, Belgium and Germany in mixed anti-aircraft batteries, rising to the rank of Junior Commander (equivalent to Captain). Mary also accompanied her father on several of his overseas journeys, including his post-VE trip to Potsdam, where he met with Harry S Truman and Joseph Stalin.

Churchill with daughter Mary at Potsdam Conference

This article from November 1940 shows how the girls captured the publics interest-

churchills dashing daughters

Unfortunately Diana suffered nervous disorders and in 1963, age 54, while working for a suicide prevention organisation, she committed suicide by taking an overdose of barbiturates.

Sarah is best known for her role in the film Royal Wedding (1951), with Fred Aistere, and she made about nine movies in total. Problems with alcohol led to her death in 1982 at the age of 67.

 

November 1950

 
Mary, on her marriage Lady Mary Soames, was the last surviving child of Sir Winston Churchill, and died in 2014 at the age of 91. She left a fortune of more than £22 million, in trust to her five children, and in December 2014, Sotheby’s London auctioned on behalf of her heirs, 255 items out of her collection, including paintings by and memorabilia attached to her father. Mary’s daughter, Emma Soames, has written a book about her mother, which you read about Here.

 

the tragic Churchills

November 1963

  
 

Australian Women in Nazi Prisons and Hester Burden

I recently watched the movie “The Pianist,” a movie set in Warsaw during WWII (a must see if you haven’t),  so I was interested to read about Australian women interned in Poland during the war. This article is from Janaury 1940-hester burden 1940 

 According to Robert Loeffel in “The Fifth Column in World War II: Suspected Subversives in the Pacific War” Hester Burden fell in love with an Austrian, Wilhelm Sommer, after being released from Gestapo prison –

 

The Adelaide Mail reported in October 1940 – 

Why Did Hester Burden Go Back to Germany?

MOTHER’S THEORY

In her last letter home, Miss Hester Burden, of Norwood, said it was unlikely that the British Consul at Salonika would let her cross the Mediterranean, and that it would not be safe to make the journey. If she were stranded in Greece it would have been impossible for her to earn money there.

Her mother, Mrs. F. R. Burden said that today that this probably explained Miss Burden’s reported return to voluntary internment in Germany. Hester has no political leanings whatever’ Mrs. Burden added. “We are hoping that Hester is among the Australian women who are to be released. We have heard nothing, and don’t even know what part of Germany she is in.”

The last Adelaidean to make personal contact with Miss Burden was her travelling companions Miss Glen Burton and Mrs. Hector Macdonald. “Hester is not interested in politics” said Mrs. Macdonald today, and she has no political leanings. Of course, from the very moment she refused to take her car to Holland and made for the Yugoslavian frontier, she was under suspicion. I, myself, was under suspicion because I got away and Hester remained. When I returned to Australia I was stripped by the women police and even the hems of my skirts were searched. All my papers were taken, even German text books, and all German print was retained. Hester is an individualist. She likes liberty — and she is very attractive, a brunette, sleek and slim.  We were In Berlin together eight days before war broke out”

‘The tourists’ party that Hester was conducting had proceeded to Russia. She wired to them and they said they would meet her in Belgrade instead of her waiting in Berlin. She had been given petrol to proceed to Holland, but she just went her own way, and with her large Packard made for the Yugoslavian frontier. There were no spare parts for the Packard available, and it would be asimple matter to interfere with her car— and, as you know, it broke down andshe was interned.”

“I was with a party of Americans, whose one desire was to get out of Germany. We left Berlin on the Saturday, motored all night, and reached Paris — a distance of about 200 miles —on the Sunday. I have had no direct word from Hester since, although she has. written to my ‘sister in London.’

On 26 March 1946 ‘The Adelaide Advertiser” ran this piece about Miss Burdens returning home to Australia. This is the last piece of information I have been able to find. I’d love to know the full story, wouldn’t you?

  

Miss Hester Burden On Way Home

Miss Hester Burden, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F. R. Burden, of Beulah road, Norwood, is expected back in Adelaide shortly, after four and a half years’ internment in Austria.

She left Adelaide In 1938 to tour England and the Continent. After studying languages at a Paris university, she set off in August to travel by car across Europe on the first stage of her journey home.

War overtook Miss Burden while in Austria, and after several weeks’ imprisonment she was interned In the city of Graz. Here she was allowed to teach at the Institute of Education, and later set up her own college of languages.At the capitulation she enlisted her services with the Allied Military Government, and worked during the occupation in many different capacities with both the British and Russian forces. She dealtwith many displaced persons, and through her knowledge of languages was able to do -valuablework in Interpreting and translation.

Miss Burden left Austria in February, and after visiting Rome and Naples joined the troopship on which, with two other Australian women, she Is travelling back to Australia.

Fashions for January 1940

More January fashions, this time from 1940, and Summer in Australia.  The war had only been going a few months at this stage and long  and full skirts are still popular. 

rice starch ad1940

Rice starch, an essential fashion tool

  
Beach fashions 1940

Beach fashions 1940

 

vintage 1940s fashion

  

vintage fashion 1940

 Fasjion patterns are still being sold for the making of new garments, still using quite a bit of fabric. I love the school tunics! fashion patterns 1940 Frocks for maids (teenagers) and children – love the check playsuit grace brothers ad 1940   

Happy New Year, 1946 and a Big Thankyou

I hope everyone has had a wonderful start to 2016. Mine could have been better – I have a son in hospital and I spent a couple of hours in ER on January 1 – but it makes me think that things can only get better. 

I did have one lovely thing happen – these arrived from one fabulous reader of my blog –   

They are on loan so I can read and also scan some pages to share on the blog. How lovely! I promise to do so when I am back in the office, but presently I am on holiday with the kids, and hopefully taking them on a little road trip next week to visit family.

Don’t forget you can get daily wartime articles and ads at my tumblr blog of the Wartime Woman (and follow my Instagram if you want to see what my family and I are up to).

In January 1946 WWII was over and things were beginning to get better. Goods that hadn’t been seen for years were back in stores – 

post war radio ad 1946 with canary 
Or almost back in stores…

 post war ad 1946  
Pretty girls were on the covers of magazines

  and people were thinking over travelling overseas for holidays again  
travel nume ad 1946Women were also thinking about gettng married, despite continued hardships. vintage brides, getting married post war 1946 

Seventy years on and we are still hoping for better times ahead xx

Finland’s Women Face War Horrors, December 1939

 Not a cheery Christmas tale, but interesting reading none the less. I never really think of Finland being involved in the war, but it really was a World War, wasn’t it?

finland during WWII  
finlands women face  war horrors 

Australia’s First Wartime Christmas 

 December 1939 saw the first Christmas of WWII, and in Australia the day also marked the fiftieth wedding anniversary of Prime Minister Menzies and his wife. The Menzies always tried “to have a completely English Christmas Dinner,” a mentally shared by many Autralians at the time – which explains why Australia entered WWII so quickly.

  

This little snippet from the same issue of the magazine shows how some women were feeling at the time.
 

A Delicious Christmas Dinner, 1939

Last night I watched  “Sarah Beenys Christmas at Rise Hall” on iview, which looks at how some of our Christmas traditions have come into being – such as Christmas pudding and carolling. They dress up for each period, including WWII, and eat a menu that would have been eaten at their (grand) home at the time. It’s well worth watching, but if you would like a menu a little more suited to the common person, here is one from Christmas 1939.
  

In Australia it’s so hot at Christmas that I usually make ice cream plum pudding, or even jelly. What’s more Christmassy than jelly?!
 

You may also like this menu from 1943, or this one.

Living with Wartime Rations – Day 7

We’ve reached the last day of our war ration experiment! 

I think it has really made us appreciate meat and dairy foods in particular. As we’ve seen, British wartime meat rations were much smaller than the Australian version, about 1/2lb a week compared to 2 1/2lb, and if we had been in the UK I definitely would have kept backyard rabbits and chickens, and been part of a pig club.

  
People in towns had kept backyard pigs for hundreds of years, but in the spirit of wartime ratioing, the government encouraged groups of people to form clubs, to buy, feed and look after pigs. The pigs were fed mostly with scraps from homes, cafés, bakeries, and anything edible that came to hand.  Clubs were also allowed to legally purchase small rations of feed or corn.

Pigs, and dairy goats, are definatley on my ‘one day” list!

After a bowl of rebated brown rice, with 1 teaspoon of sugar and coconut milk ( the girls used the last of our milk in lasts night pudding) I dropped the kids to school and popped into the supermarket for milk and cream. With my new wartime woman focused eyes, I also grabbed enough meat for seven meals, and some yoghurt –

Yhe benefit of supermarkets is the specials!

  
All for under $30!

 
My grandmothers would be proud! As a special treat I cooked my husband the lambs fry for lunch, (baked liver, from 1940, below) as the kids would have to be starving to eat it. I have only cooked it once before, and that put me off, but this recipe says to soak it in water for half an hour first, which does make it much more like normal meat and easier to deal with.

1940s recipes including baked liver

1940s recipes including baked liver

 
  
I let the bacon get a little too crispy, but I was baking bread at the same time. It was surprisingly good, and fantastic for under $2! The cats loved the raw and cooked liver too, so I will be buying more for pet food too.  I hope the kids enjoyed their tomato sandwiches today! 
Baked liver with bacon and apple. served with coleslaw and a slice of national loaf

Baked liver with bacon and apple. served with coleslaw and a slice of national loaf

 
Instead of another mince meal for dinner, I decided on fish, the traditional Friday food, and not rationed.Last time I used frozen white fish fillets they were tough, so it seemed sense to make a stew from them. I found this recipie for fish curry from another Ministry of Food Leaflet (about using leftovers). 
 
wartime ministry of food recipe for fish curry

wartime ministry of food recipe for fish curry

     
Not quite the type of curry we are used to but not bad, although the sultanas were something new in a curry for the kids. Instead of salad I added cabbage to the curry.

 

Wartime Fish curry with sultanas

Wartime Fish curry with sultanas

 
Let’s see how we did. Remember the rations for one week for one adult?

  • · Bacon & Ham 4 oz/113 grams 
  • · Meat to the value of 1 shilling and sixpence (around about 1/2 lb/227gm minced beef, in Australia it was 2 1/4 lb from January 1944 to 1948 and fish, rabbit, poultry and organ meat were not rationed)
  • · Butter 2 oz/ 57 grams (Australians got 1/2 lb from June 1943 to 1950)
  • · Cheese 2 oz/ 57 grams 
  • · Margarine 4 oz/113 grams 
  • · Cooking fat 4 oz/113 grams 
  • · Milk 3 pints/1.7 litres 
  • · Sugar 8 oz/227g (1 lb week in Australia from August 1942)
  • · Preserves/Jam 1 lb every 2 months/ one 230gm jar a month 
  • · Tea 2 oz// 57 grams (1/2 lb per 5 weeks in Australia from July 1942)
  • · Eggs 1 fresh egg per week 
  • · Sweets/Candy 12 oz/340g every 4 weeks 

For five of  us we used – 

  • Bacon – 5 rashers Sunday, 5 rashers Thursday, 2 today, total 12 oz UNDER!
  • Meat – 500gm kangaroo (unrationed),  2kg/4 lb lamb shoulder, 500gm/1 lb mince SLIGHTLY OVER FOR UK, UNDER FOR AUSTRALIA
  • Butter – 250gm/8oz UNDER but only because we ran out, would have used more
  • Cheese – under 1 1/2 cups grated from a block, and a few slices, about  250gm/9 oz UNDER
  • Margarine – we used olive oil, about 2 cups
  • Cooking fat – only dripping that we collected from the roast, and we still have a cup left
  • Milk – grownups about 1 glass a day and kids 2-3 cups each – would have used our full rations SAME
  • Sugar – Started with one 1kg bag and have 280 gm left so used 720gm/ 25 oz so far UNDER the 40oz allowed, although we did use about 100 ml of maple/golden syrup as well.
  • Preserves – used almost 1/3 a jar of Jan
  • Tea – about 10 teaspoons at 1 Gm per spoon UNDER but about 250 Gm coffee
  • Eggs – 6, and always in something not as a meal, and we have chooks laying two eggs a day EQUAL
  • Sweets – two one hundred Gm blocks 70% cocoa chocolate, And the kids had about 100gm starburst, so UNDER

To be honest we did have a bottle of wine and a few beers too, but I think we did pretty well. We certainly ate a lot more salad than usual, even the kids, and we used a lot less meat, butter and cheese than usual. 

I think with keeping our own ducks and chickens we could even keep our dog and cats fed, as they get mainly leftovers and unrationed meat. On the outbreak of war, 750,000 pets were slaughtered in Britain in one week, as a patriotic, and slightly misguided, action encouraged by the government. You can read more here.

Our Muscovy ducks enjoying their favourite food, lettuce

Our Muscovy ducks enjoying their favourite food

 
Thanks for joining us on our ratioing experiment. I hope it’s encouraged you to try some new, or old, foods and recipes, and to think a bit about being prepared. For what the future may bring.  I’ll share some more thoughts about what our experiment has meant, and how it’s changed us a little, soon.

Living on Wartime Rations – Day 6

  This ad is from 1940 –

Rice bubble ad from 1940

Rice bubble ad from 1940

Like any good mother whose daughter doesn’t want to eat her porridge, I succumbed to the advertising and bought rice bubbles.

The breakfast that entertains

 
Happier children you have not seen! They all had big bowlfuls, without sugar, and sang the jingle all through breakfast. We grownups still had our porridge though, and I saved a bowl for Mr Ten to have after school, as it stops him raiding the pantry and fridge (not that there is much to raid at present). The rest I added to my bread mix, which made the usual loaf.The bread was too warm to cut thinly, so we had tickly sliced open sandwiches with cucumber soaked in a little sugar and vinegar.

Cucumber sandwiches and fruit for lunch

 
While the oven was on I decided to make biscuits, with almost the last of the butter. What more fitting for this week than Anzacs?

the Miniistry of Food's recipe for  Anzac Biscuits

the Miniistry of Food’s recipe for Anzac Biscuits

 
This is the strangest Anzac biscuit recipie I have ever made – they really need more syrup, as they are crumbly and didn’t spread out in the oven.

 
I had three red peppers in the fridge that needed using, so I made peppers stuffed with rice and bacon for dinner. We have only used five rashers of our bacon so far, which is a third of our allowance for the week, so I used another five, and one Ionian and some herbs.  I also placed a slice of cheese on top, as we have used less than half our cheese allowance so far. 

Rice stffed red peppers, more popular than Woolton Oie!

 

As dinner was flour free, I thought we’d have “pudding.” The girls decided they would make it, instead of doing the dishes. They decided on a self saucing chocolate pudding, but Miss Ten got a little confused and mixed the sauce in. She also put cocoa and sugar in the cream be use it was past its use by and “tasted funny.” I explained there were no such things as use by dates during g the war, and many people didn’t have fridges – lots of things, including meat, would have tasted funny.

To be honest they used a modern recipe from Taste.com, but it did use almost wartime amounts, such as 1/2 cup sugar. Our butter ration is finished so they used oil, which we have been using instead of our margarine ration.  It was delicious.

Chocolate self saucing pudding

Chocolate self saucing pudding

 
I read today that our local mayor is in trouble as she delayed the (now one instead of the original two) minute silence at the Remembrance Day service while she gave a speech – by 26 minutes! It’s made the national news now..what do you think of her actions? I’m giving a whole week to rememberkng them, so I am a little cross!

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